What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of many associated diseases that all involve cells. Cells are the really little systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in each person's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread extremely quickly. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. In time, they likewise pass away. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth becomes a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the regular cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Often cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- maybe even you. But you most likely do not understand any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, most likely only one child in that arena would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the flu are. So don't be scared of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, play with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, specifically Article source smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a doctor to figure out a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling overly tired or sick for a while-- normally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically brought on by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician may purchase X-rays and blood tests and advise the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and treats cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if someone actually has cancer. If so, tests can determine what kind of cancer it is and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the physician will choose the very best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is suspected, like the bone marrow. Don't fret-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The earlier cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's chances are for a full recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest type of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor attempts to get as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might also be gotten rid of to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medications (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are often taken as a pill, however generally are offered through an unique intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, normally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.